5 Need to Know Facts About Wine Cellars

By jairadmin
In January 29, 2018

Any wine enthusiast can tell you that wine is temperamental by nature. Each storage environment comes with its own unique conditions that should be considered when protecting your wine collection. Creating an ideal environment for the storage and aging of wine requires in-depth knowledge of its influencers including temperature, humidity, light, vibration and air quality. Here are some need-to-know facts from Johnson’s wine cellar experts so you get the most out of your wine investment.

Consistent Temperatures are Crucial

The proper storage temperature for all wines (red, white and champagne) is between 53-57 degrees. When temperatures exceed 57 degrees, the aging process is expedited and can make it difficult to determine when a wine has reached its peak. Even if your storage environment doesn’t fall within the 53-57 degree range, it is the consistency of the temperature that matters most. For example, if your basement is almost always 60 degrees, you can still track a wine’s age even if it is expedited by higher temperatures.

Location of a Wine Cellar Can Be Anywhere

It is widely understood the location of a wine cellar should be in the most humid, underground and cool place of a building or home. But there is misconception about where you can actually put a wine cellar. With the versatility of today’s wine cooling systems and value of vapor barriers, a wine cellar can live in nearly any space.  

Air Quality and Odor Matter

Air particles infiltrate wine through the cork. Wines that are stored long-term are especially vulnerable to its surrounding air particles, including odor. Any sort of non-neutral odor can interfere with the aromas that evolve in wines. It’s the reason certain materials, such as cedar and pine, are not recommended for wine racks. The same goes for the air quality – if there are a lot of foreign, microscopic particles in your wine cellar air, you can bet on them affecting the evolution of flavors.

Steady Humidity is a Cork’s Best Friend

The ideal humidity level for a wine cellar ranges from 50 to 70 percent. Humidity has little effect on the bottle itself but it’s critical to the health of corks. If the corks are too moist, it can lead to contamination. Alternatively, if a cork is too dry, it can shrink or crumble and compromise the entire aging process.

Every Wine Cellar Needs a Specific Type of Cooling Unit

There is no one-size-fits-all wine cooling unit. Each wine cellar and its conditions are unique and require an assessment to determine the best type of unit for the space. Whether you decide to put a wine cellar in large basement or in a small, enclosed space on a first-story home, every location presents its own set of challenges. These challenges need to be identified prior to, and during construction. A wine cellar professional will help you assess the requirements of your custom wine cellar.

With over 20 years of experience in custom cooling environments, Johnson Air performs the highest quality wine cellar services in San Diego including repair and installation. We are proud to partner with San Diego’s premiere wine cellar contractors to design and install beautiful, custom-crafted wine cellars. 

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